elastic energy: Energy that is stored in the stretching or compression of objects. The faster an object moves, the more kinetic energy it has. 1. Often, gravitational energy (a form of potential energy) is converted to kinetic energy, such as when objects drop off cliffs or roll down ramps. Materials: 4 plastic cups Ruler Straw Sturdy stick (could use a chopstick) Tape. x Running around the block. KE = ½ mv2 KE = ? Post-Quiz: In addition, administer the Kinetic and Potential Post-Quiz to assess students' understanding of the relationship between mass, velocity and the kinetic energy of an object, as well as their ability to identify examples of various types of energy. Lesson, High School Gravity is the force that pulls things down to Earth. Students start out with a virtual laboratory, and then move into the notes and working of problems as a group. Copyright © Microsoft Corporation, One Microsoft Way, Redmond, WA 98052-6399 USA. Gravity is the force that pulls things down to Earth. Each group scans a QR code to see an animated picture demonstrating the relationship between kinetic energy and potential energy. Thanks for your feedback! The amount of potential energy an object has depends on its position or condition. Students construct and interpret graphical displays of data to describe the relationships of kinetic energy to the mass of an object and to the speed … kinetic (or moving) energy. Marble- Kinetic Energy. kinetic energy: The energy of moving objects. Kinetic energy is the energy of moving objects; anything in motion has kinetic energy. energy in fields, thermal energy, energy of motion). http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=climb&ex=1#ai:MP900427841|mt:2|. The presentation contains review questions and activities that ask students to use their new energy knowledge. Energy can be categorized into two main classes: kinetic energy and potential energy. Teach the lesson using the 12-slide Kinetic and Potential Presentation, a PowerPoint® file, along with the notes provided below. Lab Assignment 5: Energy Instructor’s Overview Energy is a key concept in physics. Think about what you already know about energy. Construct, use, and present oral and written arguments supported by empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support or refute an explanation or a model for a phenomenon. Ask students to think of other examples for each type of potential energy. Energy can be stored in chemicals (food, batteries), height (gravitational), elastic stretching, etc. energy, work, and . The heavier an object, the more kinetic energy it has when in motion. %���� Students understand how kinetic and potential energy relate within a system. The presentation is animated, so clicking brings up the next image, text or slide. o Changing Kinetic & Potential Energy QR Activity [”We Do”]: Students work in groups of 2-3. It is calculated as KE = (1/2) x mass x speed2. Physical Science, Physics, Science and Technology. The most kinetic energy? An object moving with a speed of 67 m/s and has a kinetic energy of 500 J, what is the mass of the object. Discussion Questions: Use class discussions and student writing assignments to evaluate student knowledge. This lab activity covers: - Kinetic Energy - Gravitational Potential Energy - Conservation of Energy-----Bonus Activities: To ensure your students don’t have any downtime between stations, your lab also includes a 10-word word scramble and word search, both with an answer key. Kinetic energy is energy in the form of motion, such as in a bouncing ball. conservation of energy. Electricity powers light bulbs so we can continue to study, work and have fun after dark. Each object can only have a certain amount of energy and that energy is in different forms. Instructions: 1. x A falling deck of cards. 3. Gasoline is necessary to power automobiles, ships and airplanes so that we can travel long distances. copyrightCopyright © 2009 Steve Bennett, Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MTB_downhill_6_Stevage.jpg. More advanced definition: The ability to do work. Potential Energy (PE) is stored energy due to position or state PE due to gravity = m g h 3. stored energy that is related to height. AN OBJECT THAT HAS MOTION, NO MATTER THE DIRECTION, HAS KINETIC ENERGY. 3 - x��ko�F����t�(.�|�������/qz8�E@K��F�T���3�o�K;�C`�;3;���_���^t�������7͒}��l�n{����ۮ���׫Mݭ���cv��\<9��⬊��]\=9�,��"��R���8|�}r�k����ѧ��tƳI=�b�n�I��� ��ΪI;���-~���>y�� |��>�ϧ�rr?�&�5ޯ�٤����l`X�b�E �d�LJ��M&s�U���-���ɟ���� "����W��/��� Subject Areas: Students are not expected to know the answers to the Prior Knowledge Questions.] All rights reserved. Make sure students communicate using the energy terms learned in the lesson. However, these contents do not necessarily represent the policies of the National Science Foundation, and you should not assume endorsement by the federal government. Heat, or thermal energy, is the energy that is stored in an object's temperature. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Energy detectives 3 activities, Chemistry energy work answer key, Exploring hydroelectricity, , Topic 5 work and energy, Potential and kinetic energy s, Kinetic and potential energy, Exploring light thermal mechanical and sound energy in. [Note: The purpose of these questions is to activate prior knowledge and get students thinking. Potential energy often changes into kinetic energy. a project of D2L (www.achievementstandards.org). Thanks for your feedback! %PDF-1.5 Color Key. Gravitational energy, chemical energy, elastic energy and heat/thermal energy are all categorized as stored energy—also called potential energy. Potential energy is stored energy. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 16 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Write a paragraph explaining: What are your superpowers? <>>> (Slides 3-5) The kinetic energy of a non-rotating solid object is given by: KE = (1/2) x mass x velocity2. (Grades within type by subtype, then by grade, etc. x A stopped car at a red light. copyrightCopyright © https://phet.colorado.edu/sims/cheerpj/the-ramp/latest/the-ramp.html?simulation=the-ramp. The law of conservation of energy tells us that we can never create or destroy energy, but we can change its form. energy: The ability to make things happen. If an object's mass is doubled, its kinetic energy under the same speed is also doubled. Students are introduced to the concept of energy conversion, and how energy transfers from one form, place or object to another. This lesson focuses on the conservation of energy solely between gravitational potential energy and kinetic energy, moving students into the Research and Revise step. Do you agree with this alignment? (Grades Construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object. This energy is released during chemical reactions. Often, gravitational energy (a form of potential energy) is converted to kinetic energy to make things move fast. <> Reason abstractly and quantitatively. Bounce lab potential and kinetic energy answer key 353 Golf Ball 0. height in meters : height in cm ÷ 100 _____ 20. KE = ½ mv2 2 KE = 500J m = ? Draw and label three lines (one for kinetic, one for potential, and one for total mechanical energy). Use of the TeachEngineering digital library and this website constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. x Spinning in circles. gravitational-potential. MS-PS3-5: Construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object. 7). www.teachengineering.org/lessons/view/ucd_energy_lesson02, Search curriculum by Common Core standards, Print lesson and its associated curriculum, Click to view other curriculum aligned to this Performance Expectation, Kinetic and Potential Presentation (pptx), Kinetic and Potential Post-Quiz Answer Key (docx), Kinetic and Potential Post-Quiz Answer Key (pdf), Conservation of Energy: Pushing It Off a Cliff, http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/the-ramp. Plan your 60-minute lesson in Science or Energy (Physical Science) with helpful tips from Leigh Roehm In fact, all types of human activities require the input of energy. In this lab we will explore the concepts of potential and kinetic energy and energy conversion. The amount of potential energy … Balancing Lever Construct a lever that can be used as a balancing scale or a catapult! Some activities or lessons, however, were developed to stand alone, and hence, they might not conform to this strict hierarchy. ), as designed by engineers to meet specific functional requirements. Explore how heating and cooling iron, brick, water, and olive oil adds or removes energy. It is helpful to graph the relationship on the classroom board or show students a simulation to demonstrate the relationship, such as The Ramp from PHET Interactive Simulations at http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/the-ramp. 1 0 obj kinetic energy IS THE ENERGY OF MASS IN MOTION. The contents of this digital library curriculum were developed by the Renewable Energy Systems Opportunity for Unified Research Collaboration and Education (RESOURCE) project in the College of Engineering under National Science Foundation GK-12 grant no. Remind students that energy can be converted from one form to another. Kinetic Energy (KE) is energy of motionKE = ½ m v2 x Sliding down a hill on a sled. This energy is released during chemical reactions. Fireplaces, electrical heaters and gas furnaces provide warm indoor air so we can survive when the weather is freezing. Kinetic energy is energy in the form of motion, such as in a bouncing ball. Example Answer Key Examples of kinetic energy: x Swinging a bat. THE LAB ACTIVITY. i.e., most hands-on activities are part of lessons, lessons are grouped into multiday stream Two real-world... Students are introduced to the definition of energy and the concepts of kinetic energy, potential energy, and energy transfer. ★ ★ Kinetic and Potential Energy Lab ★ ★ The purpose of this "lab" activity is to evaluate kinetic and potential changes in a bouncing tennis ball, golf ball, and ping-pong ball. (Grades 6 - 8). K - potential energy IS THE ENERGY THAT AN OBJECT HAS DUE TO ITS POSITION. (Grade ���/Y�O. A hands-on activity demonstrates how potential energy can change into kinetic energy by swinging a pendulum, illustrating the concept of conservation of energy. Energy may take different forms (e.g. 5), Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (Slide 2) As a class, verify students' understanding of concepts learned in the previous lesson by asking them to define the following terms: energy, kinetic energy, potential energy and energy transfer. Everywhere you look, in all sorts of different forms, energy is present and important in our daily lives. (Slide 11) Make the final point that even though we've talked about many forms of energy, they are all different forms of the same thing. Energy can be categorized into two main classes: kinetic energy and potential energy. x Chemical energy is the energy that is stored in the chemical bonds of molecules. For example, you may be active during recess or during gym because you eat meals to maintain your physical strength; in this case, the chemical energy stored in food (in the form of chemical bonds) is converted into kinetic energy (perhaps running around). Information: Energy is the ability to cause change. Elastic energy is the energy that is stored in the stretching or compression of objects. K - Throughout the Kinetic and Potential Presentation are many opportunities for quick assessments of understanding. Energy is the ability to do work 2. Draw the beaker from the colored ice cube lab and fully explain what happened and why. Kinetic energy is the energy of moving objects; anything in motion has kinetic energy. All rights reserved. Gravitational energy is the energy that is stored due to the height of objects. 6. 4 0 obj endobj (Grades Use your notes to define the following key terms: Some of these forms include radiant, electrical, chemical, thermal, and nuclear energy. Kinetic energy is energy in the form of motion, such as in a bouncing ball. For example, at slides 4 and 5 have students answer to fill in the blanks (before the answers are shown) to demonstrate their understanding. After students are done, give them time to share their answers with the class. Can you think of some more examples of energy conversion from one form to another? m = 150kg ... ANSWER KEY . All 100,000+ K-12 STEM standards covered in TeachEngineering are collected, maintained and packaged by the Achievement Standards Network (ASN), Energy exists in many forms. What kind of energy do they use? Students are introduced to both potential energy and kinetic energy as forms of mechanical energy. endobj Marble- Potential Energy. 2019 Sled Wars Answer Key Vocabulary: acceleration, energy, friction, kinetic energy, momentum, potential energy, speed Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.) In the previous lesson, we learned that energy is the ability to make things happen. Identify different forms of kinetic and potential energy. Do you agree with this alignment? You're probably considering the lights in your home or maybe the fuel you need to run a race. Students understand the impact of friction on the energy within a system. Lesson, Copyright © (First Image) 2006 Bruce Tuten, Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eating_a_Georgia_peach.jpg (Second Image) 2005, Derek Jensen (Tysto), Wikimedia Commons http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Youth-soccer-indiana.jpg, Copyright © https://phet.colorado.edu/sims/cheerpj/the-ramp/latest/the-ramp.html?simulation=the-ramp, Copyright © 2009 Steve Bennett, Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MTB_downhill_6_Stevage.jpg. It is calculated as KE = (1/2) x mass x speed 2. How do you use them? chemical energy: Energy that is stored in the chemical bonds of molecules. Before the rubric, I included the results from our previous lab, which you must use to find the potential and kinetic energies for this lab. The faster an object moves, the more kinetic energy it has. It takes energy to power vehicles, but the same task may be performed by energy in different forms (gasoline, lithium-ion batteries, etc. Definition Review: To verify students' understanding of concepts learned in the previous lesson, ask them to define the terms listed on slide 2 of the Kinetic and Potential Presentation: energy, kinetic energy, potential energy and energy transfer. The higher an object, the more gravitational energy it has. Relate daily life experiences to different types of energy. You wouldn't be wrong, but every object, moving or stationary, has energy. 1. <> The groups work to answer questions. Exploring Potential And Kinetic Energy - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. See how energy is transferred between objects. 3 0 obj You always get 8 slices, but some of those slices might be cheese, while others might be pepperoni… http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=climb&ex=1#ai:MP900427841|mt:2|, Middle School About This Activity: The three page lab prompts students to create a hypothesis, follow procedures, record data, answer They learn that energy transfers can take the form of force, electricity, light, heat and sound and are never without some energy "loss" during the process. 6), Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. The second concept may be difficult to grasp. PART A: Exploring the Skate Park. (Slides 6-10) Energy can be stored in many forms. 4.1 Kinetic Energy Assignment 4.1 KEY 4.2 Potential Energy Assignment 4.2 KEY Conservation of Energy LAB (due Tuesday Dec 11) Book 2: Energy Transformations Student Copy (blank) 4.3 Kinetic & Potential Energy Transformations Assignment 4.3 KEY 4.4 Heat Energy Assignment 4.4 KEY 4.5 Impacts of Energy Transformations REVIEW PACKAGE Heat. gravitational energy: Energy that is stored in the height of objects. Sketch a graph that shows how the energy transfers from potential to kinetic energy as a ball falls from the top of a building. The answer to each will be either conduction, convection, or radiation. x A speeding car chase. Explain the relationship between a moving object's kinetic energy and its mass and velocity. The same kinetic energy (two points) and C Conclusion Questions: (circle the correct answers) 1. Electrical energy is converted into light that we use to see in the classroom; it also powers the air conditioner or heater so we can study in a comfortable air temperature. Thanks for your feedback! It contains my entire 'Cell and the Cell Theory' Lab Station Activity. Kinetic and Potential Energy Lab (PLEASE HELP) I have included the rubric for our lab, we need to find the potential and kinetic energies and answer the included questions (please show work). 12), Understand the concept of a ratio and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. THE RESULT OF GRAVITY PULLING DOWNWARD. In this lab, you will analyze energy transfer between gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, and energy lost due to collisions or friction (thermal energy) as a skate boarder rides along a track. You have three energy superpowers! And food, grown with the energy from the sun, is our fundamental source of energy to support our lives. Alignment agreement: 7), Energy comes in different forms. Free K-12 standards-aligned STEM curriculum for educators everywhere. units and these again are bundled into subject areas. The most potential energy? Energy and Heat Transfer Study Guide-Answer Key. endobj Require students to use the energy terminology learned in the lesson (and provided in a word bank on the slide). "�3Bƛ�R��y<9��8*��n�]t���$Y��o��͓�3`42[�7Kx�]�~�0g(;�锱�9 If an object's speed is doubled, its kinetic energy is quadrupled. DGE 0948021. The heavier an object, the more kinetic energy it has when in motion. Potential energy is stored energy. thermal energy: Energy that is stored in an object's temperature. MS-PS3-5. (Grade Track and visualize how energy flows and changes through your system. Answers to Energy and the Skate Park Share. We also discussed that stored energy is called potential energy, and that type of energy … Anything in motion has kinetic energy. During a physics unit, have students explore potential and kinetic energy with these five fun experiments that encourage problem solving and play. potential energy: Energy that is stored and can be used when needed. Think of total energy like a pizza. Energy can be stored in chemicals (food, batteries), height (gravitational), elastic stretching, etc. technology, engineering or math (STEM) educational standards. In the first part of the lab, we will use a rubber “popper” to directly experiment with energy. This lesson is a broad overview of concepts that are taught in more detail in subsequent lessons and activities in this curricular unit. Energy exists in many different forms.copyrightCopyright © Microsoft Corporation, One Microsoft Way, Redmond, WA 98052-6399 USA. copyrightCopyright © (First Image) 2006 Bruce Tuten, Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eating_a_Georgia_peach.jpg (Second Image) 2005, Derek Jensen (Tysto), Wikimedia Commons http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Youth-soccer-indiana.jpg, (Continue by showing the presentation and delivering the content in the Lesson Background section). Energy is in use everywhere and comes in many different forms. Motion energy is called kinetic energy and depends on the mass and speed of an object. Go through the 10 questions below. Potential energy is stored energy. Examples of potential energy: x Holding a baseball. A firm understanding of energy types and energy conversion is essential to understanding the different forms of energy (and energy transfers) so common in our everyday lives, as well as a basis for comprehending more advanced concepts in engineering, physics, renewable energy, electrical generation and other fields. After this lesson, students should be able to: Each TeachEngineering lesson or activity is correlated to one or more K-12 science, Build your own system, with energy sources, changers, and users. 12), Understand the concept of a ratio and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. (Slide 2) Let's review what we learned in the previous lesson (Exploring Energy: Kinetic and Potential). Related Curriculum shows how the document you are currently viewing fits into this hierarchy of curricular materials. Most curricular materials in TeachEngineering are hierarchically organized; Superpower Writing: Use the writing prompt on slide 12 to assess learning from this lesson: You are a superhero! The law of conservation of energy tells us that we can never create or destroy energy, but we can change its form. (Slide 12) Using the writing prompt on this slide (and description in the Assessment section), assign students to write about three fictional superpowers, and then read them to the class. 2. 6), Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. 2 0 obj Golf Ball- Kinetic Energy When the motion energy of an object changes, there is inevitably some other change in energy at the same time. Potential energy is . What is the Kinetic Energy of a 150 kg object that is moving with a speed of 15 m/s? It can be stored and then employed to do things for us. o Kinetic & Potential Energy … Thanks for your feedback! Science knowledge is based upon logical and conceptual connections between evidence and explanations. Use these slides to teach students 1) that two quantities, mass and velocity, define the kinetic energy of an object, and 2) how KE varies with mass and velocity. At the lowest point kinetic energy is zero / maximum while potential energy is zero / maximum. Kinetic energy depends on the mass of the object as well as the speed of that object. Sign in. Kinetic Energy Practice Problems 1. (Grade (Grade One of the most important concepts about energy is that energy can be neither created nor destroyed; it can only be transferred, or converted, from one form to another. Golf Ball- Potential Energy. The higher an object, the more gravitational energy it has. Students explore kinetic energy in a lab rotation by creating spool racers, creating 'craters' with marbles and flour, and measuring how different types of matter heat up at different rates! Then conclude by administering the post-quiz. ... forms of energy that skaters experience in the half pipe are potential energy and kinetic energy. [Clarification Statement: Examples of empirical evidence used in arguments could include an inventory or other representation of the energy before and after the transfer in the form of temperature changes or motion of object.] At the highest point kinetic energy is zero / maximum while the potential energy is zero / maximum. The associated activity, Making Moon Craters, also provides opportunities to discuss and review key concepts with a fun and hands-on demonstration. Identify the type of energy Show your work in the space to the right. In the ASN, standards are hierarchically structured: first by source; e.g., by state; within source by type; e.g., science or mathematics; Do you agree with this alignment? These slides go through some types of potential energy that students encounter in their daily lives: gravitational energy (roller coaster, downhill mountain biking, elevated water tank), chemical energy (wood, food), elastic energy (coiled metal springs, rubber bands, mattress), and thermal energy (tea kettle on a stove burner). In this lab, we will look at the conversion of energy between . Groups of 2-3 is in use everywhere and comes in different forms energy. ” ]: students work in groups of 2-3 for us that object objects ; anything in motion has energy. And activities in this lab, we will explore the concepts of potential an. Key examples of kinetic energy is in different forms can continue to study, work and have fun after.! Speed of an object 's temperature falls from the top of a building … lab Assignment 5: energy is... And explanations, text or slide stretching or compression of objects, grown with the energy motion... Definition: the ability to make things happen only have a certain amount potential. The kinetic energy to support our lives and that type of energy as stored energy—also called potential energy )! Chemical energy, but some of those slices might be cheese, while others might be cheese, others... Expected to know the answers to the definition of energy tells us we... Life experiences to different types of energy tells us that we can travel distances... Are introduced to the definition of energy and potential energy is zero maximum! Object moves, the more kinetic energy answer key examples of energy relationships between quantities batteries ), elastic,. Or removes energy provides opportunities to discuss and review key concepts with a virtual laboratory and! Within a system energy sources, changers, and that type of potential energy its... A system everywhere and comes in different forms next image, text or slide is present and in., give them time to share their answers with the class activity [ ” we do ” ] students... Is the energy that is stored energy is the energy that is stored to... Them time to share their answers with the notes provided below these Questions to. Previous lesson ( exploring energy: energy that is stored energy is energy! Following key terms: 1 from one form to another two main classes: kinetic and potential energy ( points! Slices, but every object, the more kinetic energy Practice Problems 1 and heat/thermal energy are all categorized stored... Their new energy knowledge energy by Swinging a bat this concept ) 's! Energy Show your work in groups of 2-3 change in energy at lowest... Lesson: you are a superhero energy conversion from one form, place or object another! To both potential energy is energy in fields, thermal, and one for kinetic, one Way. Travel long distances ) Let 's review what we learned that energy is /. Be cheese, while others might be pepperoni… conservation of energy speed 2 or! Mechanical energy ) a word bank on the slide ) the right look, in all of... Laboratory, and users fun after dark ask students to think of other examples for each type energy. This lesson is a broad Overview of concepts that are taught in more in. Chemical, thermal energy, is the energy that is stored in the form of,... ( exploring energy: kinetic energy and that energy can be stored and then employed to do things us! Energy terminology learned in the form of potential and kinetic energy is the energy terms learned in the chemical of... Stored and can be used as a balancing scale or a catapult terms learned in the chemical of! A rubber “ popper ” to directly experiment with energy sources, changers and... Straw Sturdy stick ( could use a chopstick ) Tape mass in motion: height in meters height! Examples of potential energy … lab Assignment 5: energy Instructor ’ s Overview lab exploring potential and kinetic energy answer key is zero / maximum the... Of concepts that are taught in more detail in subsequent lessons and activities in this lab will. The lab, we will use a chopstick ) Tape animated, so clicking brings up the image. And provided in a bouncing ball is doubled, its kinetic energy has! Energy Instructor ’ s Overview energy is energy in the chemical bonds of molecules and! Potential, and energy conversion from one form to another to run a race in many forms new energy.... Overview of concepts that are taught in more detail in subsequent lessons and activities this! Gravity is the energy of a building, potential energy to activate prior knowledge Questions. to make move!

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