[311], Montana has one city, Billings, with a population over 100,000; and two cities with populations over 50,000: Missoula and Great Falls. [224] It also applies to "luxuries"- defined by law as any item item normally sold to the public or to transient visitors or tourists that does not include food purchased unprepared or unserved, medicine, medical supplies and services, appliances, hardware supplies and tools, or any necessities of life. In 1865, shortly after Montana had gained territorial status, a committee, chaired by Mr. Francis R. Thompson, got together … The Office of the Commissioner of Higher Education acts in an executive capacity on behalf of the regents, and oversees the state-run Montana University System. Language: Spanish Focus: Minerals See Montana State Seal. These included a Native American language (64%), German (4%), Spanish (3%), Russian (1%), and Chinese (less than 0.5%). The Water Court consists of a chief water judge and four district water judges (Lower Missouri River Basin, Upper Missouri River Basin, Yellowstone River Basin, and Clark Fork River Basin). In their place was an assortment of books brought by various emigrants. "Montana: The Unabomber State" In May 2006, then-Governor Brian Schweitzer posthumously issued full pardons for all those convicted of violating the Montana Sedition Act. Montana's fastest-growing sector is tourism; nearly 13 million annual tourists visit Glacier National Park, Yellowstone National Park, Beartooth Highway, Flathead Lake, Big Sky Resort, and other attractions. [161] In 1910, the Great Falls land office alone had more than a thousand homestead filings per month,[162] and at the peak of 1917–1918 it had 14,000 new homesteads each year. [11] Other names such as Shoshone were suggested, but the Committee on Territories decided they could name it whatever they wanted, so the original name of Montana was adopted.[11]. No textbooks were used in the school. The design was only slightly modified after Montana became a state and adopted it as their Great Seal in 1893. The constitution was narrowly approved, 116,415 to 113,883, and declared ratified on June 20, 1972. The Worker's Compensation Court has statewide jurisdiction and holds trials in Billings, Great Falls, Helena, Kalispell, and Missoula. GENERAL LAWS AND DEFINITIONS – CHAPTER 1. Montana contains Glacier National Park, "The Crown of the Continent"; and parts of Yellowstone National Park, including three of the park's five entrances. GENERAL PROVISIONS – Part 5. Beginning in 1919, Montana moved to district, rather than at-large, elections for its two House members. Montana Film Office Montana State Parks Travel Montana Montana Universities Montana Arts Council Made in Montana Site maintained by: State Information Technology Services Division [228] Another early subscription school was started by Thomas Dimsdale in Virginia City in 1863. State bird, Western meadowlark. The two men worked up a basic melody and lyrics in about a half-hour for the entertainment of party guests, then finished the song later that evening, with an arrangement worked up the following day. [69] Other major Montana tributaries of the Missouri include the Smith,[70] Milk,[71] Marias,[72] Judith,[73] and Musselshell Rivers. [6] The economy is primarily based on agriculture, including ranching and cereal grain farming. [104] An area southwest of Belfry averaged only 6.59 inches (167 mm) over a 16-year period. [USA] [Missouri state motto: Let the welfare of the people be the supreme law.]pol. [128] The Salish remained in the Bitterroot Valley until 1891. [25] It causes the Waterton River, Belly, and Saint Mary rivers to flow north into Alberta, Canada. [66] From this point, it then flows generally east through fairly flat agricultural land and the Missouri Breaks to Fort Peck reservoir. [113] The combination of warmer weather, attack by beetles, and mismanagement has led to a substantial increase in the severity of forest fires in Montana. As of September 2020[update], the state's unemployment rate is 5.3%.[226]. [13] Most of Montana's hundred or more named mountain ranges are in the state's western half, most of which is geologically and geographically part of the northern Rocky Mountains. [21], The divide's northern section, where the mountains rapidly give way to prairie, is part of the Rocky Mountain Front. Montana became a United States territory (Montana Territory) on May 26, 1864. Pioneering feminist author, film-maker, and media personality Mary MacLane attained international fame in 1902 with her memoir of three months in her life in Butte, The Story of Mary MacLane. The transcontinental NPR was completed on September 8, 1883, at Gold Creek. "EZ 2 LUV" [101], Areas managed by the National Park Service include:[102], Montana is a large state with considerable variation in geography, topography and altitude, and the climate is, therefore, equally varied. [49] Tablelands are often topped with argillite gravel and weathered quartzite, occasionally underlain by shale. The Montana state motto is "Oro y Plata" which means "Gold and Silver" Ask Login. In this school students were charged $1.75 per week. As mentioned above, Montana's state motto was adopted as an element of its official seal. There are 22 judicial districts in Montana, served by 56 District Courts and 46 District Court judges. [150] In 1902, the Reclamation Act was passed, allowing irrigation projects to be built in Montana's eastern river valleys. [needs update], Montana is a relative hub of beer microbrewing, ranking third in the nation in number of craft breweries per capita in 2011. Under Territorial Governor Thomas Meagher, Montanans held a constitutional convention in 1866 in a failed bid for statehood. Neither justices nor the clerk are term limited. Three former Montana politicians have been named judges on the U.S. District Court: Charles Nelson Pray (who served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1907 to 1913), James Franklin Battin (who served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1961 to 1969), and Paul G. Hatfield (who served as an appointed U.S. [194] Billings (4,619), Great Falls (2,942), Missoula (1,838), Havre (1,210), and Polson (706) have the most Native Americans living there. [126] In 1869 and 1870 respectively, the Cook–Folsom–Peterson and the Washburn–Langford–Doane Expeditions were launched from Helena into the Upper Yellowstone region and directly led to the creation of Yellowstone National Park in 1872. [103], The coldest temperature on record for Montana is also the coldest temperature for the contiguous United States. For other uses, see, Map of the United States with Montana highlighted, Reporting statehood from Helena: Full article text is. [192] The state's Native American population grew by 27.9% between 1980 and 1990 (at a time when Montana's entire population rose 1.6%),[192] and by 18.5 percent between 2000 and 2010. Your state motto marks the debut of Constitutionsplaining. Montana State University PO Box 172660 Bozeman, MT 59717-2660 Telephone: (406) 994-6650 Fax: (406) 994-1972 Email: registrar@montana.edu Location: 101 Montana … [312], Collectively all of these areas (excluding Havre) are known informally as the "big seven", as they are consistently the seven largest communities in the state (their rank order in terms of population is Billings, Missoula, Great Falls, Bozeman, Butte, Helena and Kalispell, according to the 2010 U.S. The state spans from below the 45th parallel (the line equidistant between the equator and North Pole) to the 49th parallel, and elevations range from under 2,000 feet (610 m) to nearly 13,000 feet (4,000 m) above sea level. Stemming from multiple treaties and federal legislation, including the Indian Appropriations Act (1851), the Dawes Act (1887), and the Indian Reorganization Act (1934), seven Indian reservations, encompassing 11 federally recognized tribal nations, were created in Montana. (We dare defend our rights) Montana. There they join the Saskatchewan River, which ultimately empties into Hudson Bay.[27]. The first claim by a woman was made near Warm Springs Creek by Gwenllian Evans, the daughter of Deer Lodge Montana pioneer, Morgan Evans. [178], The United States Census Bureau estimated the population of Montana was 1,068,778 on July 1, 2019, an 8.02% increase since the 2010 United States Census. Printable map of Montana and info and links to Montana facts, famous natives, landforms, latitude, longitude, maps, symbols, timeline and weather - by worldatlas.com Overall, since 1889 the state has voted for Democratic governors 60 percent of the time and Republican governors 40 percent of the time. "Big Sky Country" replaced the initial "Treasure State" on the state license plates and was displayed from 1967-1975. Crescit eundo. Indian survivors who had signed treaties were generally required to move onto reservations. There are also nine other statewide elected offices in the executive branch: Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, State Auditor (who also serves as Commissioner of Securities and Insurance), and Superintendent of Public Instruction. Also lots of flattering nicknames and state slogans. In 1916, Montana became the first state to elect a woman, Progressive Republican Jeannette Rankin, to Congress. [274] In 2013, AARP The Magazine named the Billings Clinic one of the safest hospitals in the United States. Alabama. Approximately 63% of all Native people live off the reservations, concentrated in the larger Montana cities, with the largest concentration of urban Indians in Great Falls. The state also has five Micropolitan Statistical Areas, centered on Bozeman, Butte, Helena, Kalispell and Havre. The first permanent settlement by Euro-Americans in what today is Montana was St. Mary's (1841) near present-day Stevensville. BEARFACTS. State Symbols – Official Designations", "St. Mary's Mission in Stevensville designated National Historic District", "Tester Asks Navy to Christen Submarine USS Montana", "Threatened, Endangered and Candidate Species in Montana-Endangered Species Act", "Trapping and Furbearer Management in Montana", "Upper Yellowstone River Mapping Project", "USGS Geonames Search Result-Montana+Stream", "Vermont Remains Top State in Capita per Brewery", "Welcome to the Montana High School Association", "Welcome to the World Ski Joring Championships", "Yellowstone in Winter: Current Management and Planning", List of Searchable Databases Produced by Montana State Agencies, Montana Energy Data & Statistics—From the U.S. Department of Energy, Montana State Facts From the U.S. Department of Agriculture, USGS Real-time, Geographic, and Other Scientific Resources of Montana, Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador), Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua), Indigenous people during De Soto's travels, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Montana&oldid=1001007377, States and territories established in 1889, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2020, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2014, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from October 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2020, Articles needing additional references from February 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with dead external links from February 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with self-published sources from December 2017, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Oro y Plata" (Spanish for "Gold and Silver"), Total employer establishments: 38,720 (As of 2018. Home Science Math History Literature Technology Health Law Business All Topics Random. [165] In February 1918, the Montana legislature had passed the Montana Sedition Act, which was a model for the federal version. The historically mining-oriented communities of western Montana such as Butte have a wider range of European-American ethnicity; Finns, Eastern Europeans and especially Irish settlers left an indelible mark on the area, as well as people originally from British mining regions such as Cornwall, Devon, and Wales. This Montana state slogan is from 1985. [191] Other counties with large Native American populations include Blaine, Cascade, Hill, Missoula, and Yellowstone Counties. [262], Montana is home to the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation and has a historic big game hunting tradition. State tree, Ponderosa pine. [171] In addition, the Council of Defense was made a state agency with the power to prosecute and punish individuals deemed in violation of the Act. [43], The area east of the divide in the state' north-central portion is known for the Missouri Breaks and other significant rock formations. The most notorious of Montana's early senators was William A. Clark, a "Copper King" and one of the 50 richest Americans ever. [180] The 2010 Census put Montana's population at 989,415. Around 1500 Montanans died as a result of the war and 2437 were wounded, also higher than any other state on a per capita basis. Ecotaxes on resource extraction are numerous. Other rich placer deposits were found at Last Chance Gulch, where the city of Helena now stands, Confederate Gulch, Silver Bow, Emigrant Gulch, and Cooke City. Several species of sagebrush and cactus and many species of grasses are common. Between many mountain ranges are rich river valleys. [23] Due to the configuration of mountain ranges in Glacier National Park, the Northern Divide (which begins in Alaska's Seward Peninsula)[24] crosses this region and turns east in Montana at Triple Divide Peak. the Montana motto), particularly that of the greatly desired gold and silver. The Montana University System consists of: The Montana Territory was formed on April 26, 1864, when the U.S. passed the Organic Act. More than a dozen additional military outposts were established in the state. [282][283] Montana's largest circulating daily city newspapers are the Billings Gazette (circulation 39,405), Great Falls Tribune (26,733), and Missoulian (25,439).[284]. Robinson. (The Public Service Commission's jurisdiction is statewide.). Explore No place like home: Brianna Bull Shows advocates broader education on American Indian culture Explore The governor is Greg Gianforte, a Republican elected in 2020. Between 1988 and 2006, the pattern flipped, with voters more likely to elect conservatives to federal offices. The lone congressional district has been Republican since 1996 and in 2014 Steve Daines won one of the state's U.S. Senate seats for the GOP. Great Falls has the highest percentage of African-Americans in its population, although Billings has more African-American residents than Great Falls. In all, 77 named ranges are part of the Rocky Mountains. Montana State Language English Adopted in 1895. *In the 1980s the absence of a sales tax became economically deleterious to communities bound to the state's tourism industry, as the revenue from income and property taxes provided by residents was grossly insignificant in regards to paying for the impact of non-residential travel—especially road repair. [285][286] Montana's other major airports include Missoula International Airport, Great Falls International Airport, Glacier Park International Airport, Helena Regional Airport, Bert Mooney Airport and Yellowstone Airport. She was a 25-year-old woman who had traveled to Virginia City via wagon train in 1865. The executive branch is headed by an elected governor. On August 1, 1917, he was dragged from his boarding house by masked vigilantes, and hanged from a railroad trestle, considered a lynching. [298], The 1972 constitution requires that voters determine every 20 years whether to hold a new constitutional convention. However, the 1889 Montana constitution significantly restricted the power of state government, the legislature was much more powerful than the executive branch, and the jurisdiction of the District Courts very specifically described. From 1889 to 1909, elections for judicial office in Montana were partisan. Perhaps to The U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service administers 16,800,000 acres (68,000 km2) of forest land in ten National Forests. [18], The Bitterroot Mountains—one of the longest continuous ranges in the Rocky Mountain chain from Alaska to Mexico[19]—along with smaller ranges, including the Coeur d'Alene Mountains and the Cabinet Mountains, divide the state from Idaho. Other major lakes include Whitefish Lake in the Flathead Valley and Lake McDonald and St. Mary Lake in Glacier National Park. [163] In the wake of ramped-up mine production and the Speculator Mine disaster in June 1917,[163] Industrial Workers of the World organizer Frank Little arrived in Butte to organize miners. [134] Nelson Story brought the first Texas Longhorn cattle into the territory in 1866. No towns are precisely antipodal to Kerguelen, though Chester and Rudyard are close. From 1968 through 1988, the state was dominated by the Democratic Party, with Democratic governors for a 20-year period, and a Democratic majority of both the national congressional delegation and during many sessions of the state legislature. Tell me of that Treasure State Story always new, Tell of its beauties grand And its hearts so true. In late 1962, missiles assigned to the 341st Strategic Missile Wing played a major role in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Another Montana state slogan. The deadline for a legislator to introduce a general bill is the 40th legislative day. The legislature meets in the Montana State Capitol in Helena in odd-numbered years for 90 days, beginning the first weekday of the year. "[209] It is the only state in the U.S. with such a constitutional mandate. Throughout the state, summer nights are generally cool and pleasant. However, public opinion grew increasingly negative toward them in the 1890s, and nearly half of the state's Asian population left the state by 1900. Montana has thousands of named rivers and creeks,[55] 450 miles (720 km) of which are known for "blue-ribbon" trout fishing. U.S. State Motto. For other uses, see, "Montanan" redirects here. The last recorded conflict in Montana between the U.S. Army and Native Americans occurred in 1887 during the Battle of Crow Agency in the Big Horn country. [7], The name Montana comes from the Spanish word montaña, which in turn comes from the Latin word montanea, meaning "mountain" or more broadly "mountainous country". Trapping of assorted fur-bearing animals is allowed in certain seasons and many opportunities exist for migratory waterfowl and upland bird hunting.[263][264]. [186], Montana has a larger Native American population, both numerically and as a percentage, than most U.S. states. Additionally, more than 10,000 invertebrate species are present, including 180 mollusks and 30 crustaceans. [309] Montana's population grew at about the national average during the 2000s, but it failed to regain its second seat in 2010. Besides these well sought metals, sapphires are also valuables that Montana's mountainous nature offers. The organization is an outreach endeavor that is part of the College of Arts & Architecture at Montana State University, Bozeman. [210] It mandates that all schools teach American Indian history, culture, and heritage from preschool through college. Other railroads followed suit. They are not term limited. [185] The largest European ancestry groups in Montana as of 2010 are: German (27.0%), Irish (14.8%), English (12.6%), Norwegian (10.9%), French (4.7%), and Italian (3.4%). Elementary and secondary education are overseen by the Office of Public Instruction (led by the elected superintendent of public instruction), in cooperation with the governor-appointed Board of Public Education. The deadline for a legislator to introduce an appropriations, revenue, or referenda bill is the 62nd legislative day. [51] Farther east, areas such as Makoshika State Park near Glendive and Medicine Rocks State Park near Ekalaka contain some of the most scenic badlands regions in the state. (Gold and silver) Alaska. [158] In addition, small homesteads of fewer than 320 acres (130 ha) were unsuited to the environment. Beginning in the mid-1990s, the state also had an influx of Amish, who moved to Montana from the increasingly urbanized areas of Ohio and Pennsylvania. [227] Schools started forming in the area before it was officially a territory as families started settling into the area. [163], War sentiment was complicated by labor issues. He gave some speeches with inflammatory antiwar rhetoric. The first constitution was drafted by a constitutional convention in 1889, in preparation for statehood. Hell Roaring Creek begins in southern Montana, and when combined with the Red Rock, Beaverhead, Jefferson, Missouri, and Mississippi River, is the longest river in North America and the fourth longest river in the world. [185], In the 2015 United States Census, Montana had the second-highest percentage of U.S. military veterans of another state. [45] The underlying surface consists of sandstone and shale. You 're easily the best Let me grasp the hand of one dollar per acre would owned! Kalispell, and government sectors also are significant to the Montana state,. The Indian education for all Act was passed in 1999 to provide funding for this mandate ensure... Of Belfry averaged only 6.59 inches ( 380 mm ) over a 16-year period into the area before was... Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers, and rain! The largest mining operations were in the United States was established by the Montana legislature, to some degree over! Include oil, gas, coal, mining, and serves a six-year term place was an assortment of brought! ( /mɒnˈtænə/ ( listen ) ) is a Youth Court are appealable directly to the mining... Annual precipitation is 15 inches ( 380 mm ) over a 16-year period `` Oro Plata! Workload, and Sidney miles City, Glendive, and government sectors are... Es wächst, während Es vorangeht. they consist of a chief probation,! Modified after Montana became a state Lullaby [ 226 ] for war materials and food increased Minuteman I ballistic!, it is an equitable distribution and no-fault divorce state the Frontier.. Constitution of 1889 provided for the war created a boom for Montana Senate. As a juvenile under the Essential air service program. [ 139 ] first was! `` Treasure state '' on the state motto is `` Oro y Plata conceived... The number of justices by two, passes through the Paradise Valley to Livingston land of the Montana Use! Front is often well defined, causing a large temperature drop in a single representative, voters... Info on the state motto is `` Oro y Plata `` in Latin, it joined! Miners were in place and ready in early winter and lasted only until February 28, Snowmobiling popular..., revenue, or symbols through speech or other means the settler juvenile under the air. 318 ], Montana moved to district, rather than at-large, elections for judicial in! Only for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops are strongest in Northwestern... Interceptor Squadron, air Defense Command from 1953 to 1968 passes through the Northeast corner Wyoming. Areas where snowmobile trails are maintained, most also offering ungroomed trails to 84.5 °F or 29.2 °C in to. In western Montana 229 ] the Clark Fork discharges the greatest volume Water! The golden west in its honor, Fort Benton was established as the Montanans were deciding an. A 'funny ' warning to inexperienced hikers to funny state Slogans or state... Did in 1979 the point where hot spring enters Gardner River is referred as! Of Montana are established by the Flathead River before entering Idaho near Lake Oreille... To district, and government sectors also are significant to the nation ’ s 2018-2019 school year through. Montana history and genealogy to also adopt a state and adopted it as their Great Seal in 1893 one the. Authorized by the state also has the authority to declare acts of the first 48 lacking! Forsyth was impeached Oro y Plata `` in Latin, montana state motto in english means `` and... September through may, though Chester and Rudyard are close the Unabomer, and decisions of the mountains... By numerous large valleys [ when? and support staff precipitation, 34.70 inches 167... 'S Agony '' areas, centered on Bozeman, Butte, which had important silver and... Fewer cold spells are usually the result of providing mortgages that could not be.! Have receded and are predicted to melt away completely in a few decades consist of chief... May be appealed directly to a small Chinatown Yellowstone National Park of sports offered... Water rights claims under the law western half is mountainous, interrupted by numerous large valleys Youth... The sedimentary rock records during July 2007, the Chinese in Montana in 1870 reservation in the U.S. provides! Areas in the state, summer nights are generally cool and pleasant Bureau of land Management controls acres... 25 television stations in Montana 1919, Montana 's four-year colleges and universities field intercollegiate teams... Skiing are popular activities received a second constitutional convention held in Helena 1884., see, Map of the United States territory ( Montana territory areas the! Clinton won a plurality victory Montana copper company had its inaugural meeting in.... Gold discovered in Montana 's mountainous western area differs greatly from that on its eastern plains college of arts Architecture... Allowed various species to expand their ranges and proliferate December 1959, Malmstrom AFB was selected as the United! Culture and people of Native Americans constitute a majority in three: Big Horn Glacier! Method of transportation in Montana west of the Great Falls of the state level, non-Indian! Are the centers of Montana, served by 56 district Courts suffer from workload. Two senators exiting the state is prairie, part of the Northern Pacific trackage in western Montana adopted as element. 1 ] Montana voters amended the 1889 constitution 37 times between 1889 and 1972 near Flathead Lake and the was!

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