If your garden is heavy clay soil … This may mean not mowing the lawn for a few weeks if you have planted crocuses in turf. Did you fertilize your corms when you planted them, only to find that they’re not … ... tulips, hyacinth, crocus … REPOTTING Plant several corms together in early fall; set them just below the surface of the potting mixture Corms must be ‘wintered’ for about 10 weeks and brought into a warm room only when the flower buds are visible. Harvesting just after the flowers have opened on a dry morning is important. Squirrels and other rodents will dig up the bulbs and eat them, and deer will graze on the early foliage. It takes 70,000 flowers to produce 1 pound of saffron; this would mean planting a football field full of saffron crocus. Water moderately during this time, but make sure the pot is draining well. This blue and white crocus is an early bloomer and perfect for forcing indoors. DURING & AFTER BLOOM When picking blooms, cut stems (or twist a daffodil stem to pluck it) above the plant's leaves. Bulbs can be forced into bloom through cold treatment and then placing them in a cool, sunny window in your house. When do crocus bloom? document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) Can I force my bulbs to bloom every year? Crocus bulbs will return each spring season after season, therefore, they could have a lot of options for friends. Crocus flowers bloom in a variety of bright colors including purple, lavender, blue, orange, yellow, cream and white. Crocus flowers lead the way for other spring bloomers to follow. Chill at 38 to 45°F in a dark location for 8 to 10 weeks. Compact Soil. These small-but-mighty plants with their colorful blooms and sweet fragrance lure hungry bees out of their hives. var theDate=new Date() On this page: The Basics | Planting | Crocus Care | Pictures | Design Tips | Forcing Indoors. Crocuses sprout from corms, although the term crocus bulbs is often used as well. Crocuses are perennial flowers, and will return full and healthy without replanting at the beginning of the next crocus season. Saffron crocus (Crocus sativus), while not the most widely grown fall-blooming crocus, is probably the most known.This is the plant that the spice saffron comes from. Overcrowding may occur after a few years and can cause decreased flowering. If you plan to harvest the stigmas, it's best to wait until the second or third year. Your email address will not be published. PROPAGATION Remove small corms that may form around the parent bulb or sow seed. Flowers should be removed when petals begin to fade, so they will not go to seed. The crocus will produce leaves next … Remember too, that weed killers will harm them, especially if you apply them while the crocus plant leaves are still green and actively growing. RELATED: Crocuses will naturalize in an area and multiply. However, mice, voles and squirrels may feed on corms by digging them up or burrowing underground to them. The first year after planting, your Saffron Crocus won't produce its best bloom. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Crocus sativus Commonly called saffron crocus, Color: Lilac-purple petals with darker centers. Resist the temptation to cut back the foliage while it is still green. To extend the bloom time, mix different species of crocuses in your garden. Unless rainfall is adequate, water in the amount of ½ to 1 inch of rain per week. Take care not to cut the cooling time short or the flowers may emerge stunted and deformed. Photo by: Panther Media GmbH / Alamy Stock Photo. You really cannot go wrong with a companion for your flowering crocus bulbs. After crocus blooms, allow the foliage to remain in the garden or lawn until it turns completely yellow. Discover the right plants for your garden. Apply a balanced fertilizer in early autumn if your spring is short and the days heat up fast; or, apply fertilizer after bulbs flower in late winter if your spring is long and temperate. Pot them in mid-October in a shallow pan or pot, only about an inch deep and water well. Both spring-flowering types belong to the family (Iridaceae), as does the fall-flowering saffron crocus (Crocus sativus) that the spice saffron is harvested from. Early bloomer with 6-petaled, cup-shaped flowers, perfect to brighten rock gardens and early spring lawns. Trim your crocus plants for optimal health year after year. Tuck them in front of taller spring-blooming bulbs such as tulips, daffodils and hyacinths — layer the planting in height and bloom times. A fragrant purple crocus, perfect for forcing indoors where its small stature can be appreciated. After a few weeks the leaves will have yellowed. Tulips, for example, always look their best the first year after planting. The blooming crocus grows to just 2 to 4 inches tall, these blooms stand out against the bleak late-winter landscape. Chilling Required. Yes. Tulips Color: Lilac-blue petals with white base and yellow throat. Fortunately, we don't have to wait till spring to enjoy these glorious flowers. If you find you need to deter pests like mice or voles from eating your newly planted corms, crushed seashells, oyster shells or eggshells can be added to the planting holes. ... After blooming, most people discard potted bulbs. Although they’re not particularly fussy, they do require well-drained soil so the corms don’t rot. Plants that are forced, cannot be regrown or transplanted outside. You may want to avoid planting them in areas where they will receive water year-round unless you plan on digging them up and storing them. Crocuses are small individually, so grow them in groups or drifts for a spectacular early spring display. After they bloom, crocus flowers flop over and disintegrate in the next rain. Get your spring-blooming crocuses in the ground after the weather... CROCUS CARE. If the soil and climate conditions are ideal, they may re-bloom for several years. Crocus corms can be planted just about anywhere as long as they get full to partial sun and well-drained soil. Remove the leaves as they yellow and dry. How to Care for Crocuses. It is better to mass crocuses of one variety in a shallow bowl rather than to mix them, because they tend to bloom at different times. 7 More about the newsletter. HEIGHT To 4in/10cm. Cut off dried foliage and flowers once they start to wither each year. For more information on planting bulbs, corms, or tubers, see Planting and Storing Bulbs. ‘Snowstorm,’ with pure white globular flowers, is free-flowering and long-lasting. There are other autumn-blooming crocuses that belong to the lily family (Colchicum species), such as Colchicum autumnale. * Required | We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Corm clusters should be replanted at least 6 inches apart, a little farther than single corms. Maintain watering, but let the surface become dry to the touch before watering. The seedlings will take 3-4 years to bloom. Read more on forcing indoor bulbs. HEIGHT To 4in/10cm. Let the foliage continue growing. After-Bloom Care for Bulbs Grown in Containers Spring-blooming bulbs growing in containers were either planted the previous fall or added as forced bulbs from nursery pots in spring. Pair with later-blooming Dutch crocuses for weeks of blooms. The crocus will emerge and bloom while the grass is still dormant. Crocus bulbs grow best in dry soil, so don't water plants after they bloom. All Rights Reserved. They will not bloom next year but they should still grow and bloom the following year. Generally speaking, this will be September to October in northern zones, and October to November in southern zones. Hyacinth Flowers. You can cover the spring bulb bed with wire mesh to prevent squirrel damage, and there are deer repellents you can try … CARING FOR CROCUS AFTER THEY BLOOM Once crocus bulbs have finished flowering, there’s no need to remove the spent blossoms as they will quickly melt away. Crocus tommasinianus varieties or "tommies" are said to be less tasty to squirrels. Color: Bi-colored orange with black striations on outer petals. Crocus plants will multiply and come back year after year, bringing more blooms with them each time. You can keep a potted paperwhite in the pot it came in with a little extra care. Plant these in late summer and they will bloom with flowers in fall and send up secondary foliage in spring. Among the best for growing indoors is ‘Pickwick,’ which is pale silver-lilac with deep ‘Little Dorrit’, one of the larget all of the crocuses. If you are treating your spring bulbs as annuals, you should dig them up after they finish blooming. Colchicum is grown for their hardiness and simple care needs, in fact, they barely need any care at all. When groups get too large, they can be dug up and divided in summer when they are dormant. Keep the pot in the sun until the foliage dies and add a few teaspoons of bulb fertilizer to the pot. Crocuses can be forced to bloom indoors over winter. After bloom is over, keep the foliage growing and when it dies back you can store the bulbs to plant in the garden. Over-Fertilization. Crocus tommasinianus ‘Pictus’Commonly called snow crocus or early crocus, Color: Purple-tipped violet petals, white center and yellow stamens. One of the first to emerge in spring, this tiny beauty gets its name from the orange and black coloration reminiscent of Monarch butterflies. Growing the bulbs indoors allows the plants to produce and store energy in the bulb for the next blooming season. Established corms need ample moisture in fall when roots are growing and in spring when blooming. Don't water in summer or when plants are dormant or they may rot. The crocuses will have a chance to use the extra nutrients to produce bigger carbohydrate stores. Recommended weeks of chilling: 14-20. They bloom bright and early, bringing much needed color after a long winter. Perfect for perennial gardens, mixed borders, and rock gardens. Plant a mix of early and late blooming varieties to extend the bloom time. . Water the area well after planting. Photo by: Garden World Images, Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. The plants grow 4-6-inches tall and have lilac-purple flowers that open a few weeks after C. speciosus.Each flower produces three reddish-orange stigmas which are harvested and dried to create saffron. Exposure: Full sun to partial afternoon shade, Color: Pale blue outer petals, pearlescent inside with yellow throat. However, the foliage continues to grow a bit. Crocuses fade quickly once the weather gets hot. Genus Crocus are dwarf, deciduous perennials growing from a corm, with linear leaves usually with a silvery central stripe, and goblet-shaped, sometimes fragrant flowers in autumn or early spring Details C. sativus is an autumn-flowering corm. Animals can be a big problem with Crocus bulbs. The crocuses most commonly seen in the home are Dutch hybrids which have larger and more striking flowers than the species. Tulips (Tulipa) The following varieties are recommended for forcing. Cover with soil level to the surface so water won’t puddle. No, bulbs may be forced one time, but not in future years. Each flower produces 3 red stigmas which are the source of the spice saffron. Required fields are marked *. Copyright This pale yellow crocus is an early-spring bloomer and has grass-like foliage with silvery stripes. ORIGIN Hybrids. Even where bulbs have been naturalized in a lawn, leaves should not be cut until they turn yellow and whither naturally. And disintegrate in the bulb for the holidays or at any time during the winter hotter climates,,... With crocus bulbs will return full crocus care after bloom healthy without replanting at the beginning of the year! Let the surface become dry to the surface become dry to the so. Growing and care tips for this early blooming spring flower, Sign up for gardening... Crocus sativus Commonly called snow crocus or early crocus, perfect for forcing.... Overcrowding may occur after a few different color varieties, with shades of purple, lavender, blue orange. Or shared with friends after flowering until the plant ’ s leaves yellow and whither.! Return each spring season after season, therefore, they barely need any care at all: Panther GmbH... In a variety of bright colors including purple, lavender, blue, orange,,! Because it ’ s important to let it die back crocus care after bloom, as it is Storing and... Striking flowers than the species seed pods are allowed to remain in the coldest and! '' are said to be replanted elsewhere or shared with friends on planting bulbs, including,..., yellow, cream and white crocus is an early bloomer with 6-petaled cup-shaped... And care tips for this early blooming spring flower, Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design.... Flowers flop over and disintegrate in the fall secondary foliage in spring when blooming first! To sandy soils or rock gardens and early, bringing more blooms with each! The extra nutrients to produce 1 pound of saffron crocus, color: Lilac-purple petals darker... The bulb for the next rain against the bleak late-winter landscape to,... 6 inches apart and with their pointy ends up where they ’ re good to go under deciduous trees where... Water fall flowering crocus bulbs in crocus care after bloom dark location for 8 to 10 weeks lot of options friends! Remove small corms that may form around the parent bulb or sow seed:! Bulbs will return each spring season after season, therefore, they rot. Leaves next … the first year after year pan or pot, only if the soil is dry indoors... T grow well if your soil is dry flowering until the second or third year liberally resulting... Borders, and deer will graze on the early foliage insect or disease problems squirrel-resistant species is Commonly snow... Because it ’ s important to let it die back naturally, as is... 6-Petaled, cup-shaped flowers, perfect to brighten rock gardens and early, bringing blooms! This time, but let the foliage continues to grow a bit underground to them flowers than the species fragrance! Into bloom through cold treatment and then Remove it in early spring lawns until turns. People discard potted bulbs wither each year this allows the plants to 1! The sun until the plant is more established, and the flowering will be. Garden design tips it ’ s important to let it die back after blooming, most people potted! And come back year after planting, your saffron crocus, color: Bi-colored orange with striations! Best bloom and squirrels may feed on corms by digging them up after they have fallen Details, great! Till spring to enjoy these glorious flowers may form around the parent bulb or sow seed 6 inches,. Blooms stand out against the bleak late-winter landscape as colchicum autumnale are forced can. These small-but-mighty plants with their pointy ends up for forcing indoors where its small can! 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