Texas House of Representatives welcome you to the Kids' House. The nickname Lone Star State comes from the single star in the Texas flag, which was officially adopted by the Republic of Texas in 1839. Bright Sky Press, 2009. Numerous other wells followed. The U.S. Congress approved the agreement in 1845. San Antonio was founded in 1718 and became the main settlement of Spanish Texas. 1718 - San Antonio is established as a Spanish mission. Cynthia Ann Parker: Comanche Captiveby Tracie Egan. We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. To re-enable the tools or to convert back to English, click "view original" on the Google Translate toolbar. When Texas joined the Union, it kept the right to fly its state flag at the same height as the national flag. Rosen Publishing Group, 2003. See the fact file below for more information about Texas. Whites of European heritage represent more than half of the state’s residents. About 12 percent of the people are African American. The vice president, Texas politician Lyndon B. Johnson, became the country’s next president. Its national flag then became its state flag. The name Texas derives from táyshaʼ, a word in the Caddoan language of the Hasinai, which means "friends" or "allies." It consists of flat, low prairies that stretch far inland from the Gulf of Mexico. The Spanish began to explore the Texas region in the early 1500s. Texas became an independent republic in 1836. At 268,596 square miles, Texas is the second largest state behind only Alaska. One issue was that Mexico threatened to go to war with the United States if the United States claimed Texas. By 1793, the mission was a fort known as the Alamo. Nine years later on December 29, 1845, Texas was admitted to the Union. Many people in the new republic wanted Texas to become part of the United States. 1519 - Spanish explorer Alonso Alvarez de Pineda maps the coastline of Texas. The great cattle drives continued until about 1890. Nine years later on December 29, 1845, Texas was admitted to the Union. Tourism is also valuable to the state. His son George W. Bush was elected president in 2000 and reelected in 2004. David Crockett Creating a Legendby Mary Dodson Wade. Located near Beaumont, Spindletop became the state’s first great oil well in 1901. Hispanic Americans, mostly of Mexican origin, make up almost a third of the population. Texas was the 28 th state in the USA; it was admitted on December 29, 1845.. State Abbreviation - TX State Capital - Austin Largest City - Houston Area - 268,601 square miles [Texas is the second biggest state in the USA - only Alaska is bigger] Population - 26,448,193 (as of 2013) [Texas is the second most populous state in the USA, after California; New York is the third most populous] Published until 1832, Texas' first newspaper kept settlers informed of news by providing English translations of Mexican government laws and decrees. It is the second-largest state in the United States after Alaska. The river called the Rio Grande separates Texas from the country of Mexico on the southwest. Bright Sky Press, 2009. The state’s oil industry owes much to a place named Spindletop. Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! 1900 - Galveston is hit by a hurricane killing thousands of people. Other valuable farm products include cotton and chickens. Texas joined the Confederacy during the American Civil War (1861–65). Conflict developed between Mexico and the American settlers in Texas. To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma. New Mexico is to the west, and Oklahoma is to the north. This dispute led to the Mexican War in 1846. Its national flag then became its state flag. This red, white, and blue flag with a single star was the origin of the Texas nickname, the Lone Star State. 1. The name Texas comes from a Caddo Indian word meaning “friends” or “allies.” The Spanish explorers pronounced the word tejas and gave this name to the area. El Paso, Texas is closer to the border of California than it is to Dallas, Texas. In San Antonio, Texas sits the ruins of an old Spanish mission. This spiral review activity is perfect to sneak a little bit of Texas History into your 4th grade classroom every day of the school year! After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. They probably covered the new floor with layers of leaves and animal skins to make it softer. This vital industry led to the popular image of the cowboy in song, story, and film. Britannica does not review the converted text. Jane Long: Choosing Texasby Mary Dodson Wade. Texas was a part of Mexico when Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821. To make it a little bit easier, Texas history can be divided into three basic time periods: exploration and development; revolution and development of the Republic; becoming a … 1901 - Oil is discovered and the oil boom begins. Texas Revolution for kids Andrew Jackson was the 7th American President who served in office from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837. Did you know that the oldest construction in North America is right here in Texas? Texas Detailed Online Label-me Map. It had won freedom from Mexico in 1836. A great battle took place there in 1836. Major business sections within the economy include commercial trade, real estate, and finance. The Bushes were only the second father and son to both serve as president (the first were John Adams and John Quincy Adams). 1825 - Stephen F. Austin founds a colony of settlers. Texas History for Kids includes 21 informative and fun activities to help readers better understand the state’s culture, politics, and geography. Under both Spanish and Mexican … Possessing only crude spears and flint-pointed darts, these hunters survived primarily on wild game. In agriculture, Texas ranks first in the country in the production of cattle. Image courtesy of the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin Another politician from Texas, George Bush, served as the country’s president from 1989 to 1993. It had won freedom from Mexico in 1836. 1845 - The U.S. Congress admits Texas as the 28th state. Texas History is a HUGE subject. Texas is the second most populous and the second largest of the 50 U.S. states in the United States of America, and the largest state in the 48 contiguous United States. The Indian Texans (Texians and Texans)by Thomas H. Guderjan. One ranch in Texas, the King Ranch, is bigger than the entire state of Rhode Island. In 1839 it was selected by scouts as the site for the permanent capital of the Republic of Texas and renamed to honour Stephen F. Austin, father of the republic. However, many people in the United States did not agree with the plan. The Texas economy is among the largest in the country. The Gulf of Mexico lies to the southeast. Texas History at Home As families are creating new routines and learning how to educate students from home, we are providing free instructive resources about Texas history… Texas Beyond History. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. 1861 - Texas secedes from the Union and joins the Confederacy. When Mexico declared its independence from Spain in 1821, Texas became part of Mexico. Texas is the home of Dell, the computer company. The landscape of Texas consists mainly of plains and hills. Texas History Warm Up for 4th grade Texas History! In 1825, American Stephen F. Austin established a colony in Texas. Early tribes included the Caddo, the Jumano, and others. **Updated to include Google Slides based digital version. In 1844, however, President John Tyler helped develop an agreement that allowed Texas to join the United States. 1528 - Cabeza de Vaca is shipwrecked off the coast of Texas. Mexico still considered some of the land in Texas to be its own. That's how big Texas is! TBH Home Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. The state’s fourth largest city, Austin originated as the riverside village of Waterloo, in a buffalo-hunting region occupied by Tonkawa and Comanche peoples. Texas has more counties (254) than any other state in the U.S. It symbolized Texas' struggle for independence. On September 25, 1829, the first issue of the Texas Gazette was published in San Felipe de Austin. Texas was an independent nation from 1836 to 1845. In the central and west-central parts of the state are raised plateaus and hill country. 1836 - The Battle of the Alamo occurs. We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. Texas is located in the south-central part of the United States. In the 1700's, Catholic prists lived atthe mission. The recorded history of Texas begins with the arrival of the first Spanish conquistadors in the region of North America now known as Texas in 1519, who found the region occupied by numerous Native American tribes. Texas is now second in population only to California. Houston: Standing Firmby Mary Dodson Wade. PowerKids Press, 2003. Get Texas facts, maps, and pictures in this U.S. state profile from National Geographic Kids. (2010) 25,145,561; (2019 est.) Oil production and the manufacture of chemical and petroleum (oil) products also contribute to the Texas economy. After the war Texas cowboys began driving cattle northward to markets or ranges. The state of Texas borders with Louisiana (east), Oklahoma (north), New Mexico (west), and the Gulf of Mexico (southeast). In 2011, it also produced more cattle, sheep, hay, cotton and wool than any other state. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Texas History for Kids: Lone Star Lives and Legends, with 21 Activities (For Kids series) at Amazon.com. During Spanish colonial rule, the area was officially known as the Nuevo Reino de Filipinas: La Provincia de Texas. Texas - Texas - History: The ancestors of the West Texas Native Americans lived in camps perhaps as long as 37,000 years ago. They lost at the Alamo, but they eventually defeated the Mexicans at a battle along the San Jacinto River. 28,995,881, By continuing to use this site, you consent to the terms of our cookie policy, which can be found in our. The independent Republic of Texas is declared. East of Texas are Louisiana and Arkansas. Although Texans fought for the South, the state itself was far removed from the major battlefields. Encapsulating the 500-year saga of the one-of-a-kind state of Texas, this interactive book takes readers from the founding of the Spanish Missions and the victory at San Jacinto to the Great Storm that destroyed Galveston and the establishment of NASA’s Mission Control in Houston while covering everything in between. This is a wonderful website where students and teachers can learn about Texas Government in a fun and interactive way. Another company in the state, Texas Instruments, is a major producer of electronic goods and military equipment. In 1845 Texas was admitted to the Union as the 28th state. 1829-1841: Jacksonian Era 1846 to 1848 - The Mexican-American War is fought over the borders between Texas and Mexico. He arrived with around 300 families and settled the land with the approval of the Mexican government. The Texas panhandle is a block of land that extends northward above the rest of the state. In 1835 they revolted, and the next year they declared independence. The Caddo of Texasby Lucile Davis. Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops. Please note: Text within images is not translated, some features may not work properly after translation, and the translation may not accurately convey the intended meaning. Dr Pepper was invented in Waco, Tx. Books shelved as texas-history: Lone Star: A History Of Texas And The Texans by T.R. The largest natural region is the coastal plain that covers southern and eastern Texas. More than 13,000 years ago, ancient Clovis people built a stone floor in a muddy rock shelter to make it a more comfortable living space. Texas became the 28th state admitted to the Union on December 29, 1845. Republic of Mexico. University of Texas at Austin College of Liberal Arts. Mexico did not declare war right away, but the two countries continued to dispute the border. Mary Kay Ash (1915 -2001) Cosmetics entrepreneur and founder of Mary Kay cosmetics; born in Hot Wells. As early as 1836, they voted for annexation, or attachment. Sam Houston was elected its first president. Motto: “Friendship”Slogan: \"The Friendly State\"State symbols:Bird: Northern mockingbird (1927)Dog: Blue Lacy (2005)Fish: Guadalupe bass (1989)Flying mammal: Mexican free-tailed bat (1995)Insect: Monarch butterfly (1995)Large mammal: Texas LonghornReptile: Texas horne… From 1836 to 1845, Texas was its own nation! Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. Everything really is bigger in Texas. Texas was an independent nation before becoming part of the United States. The name Texas, based on the Caddo word tejas meaning "friends" or "allies", was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in East Texas. The eastern edge of the panhandle and the north-central part of the state are lowland regions of prairie and rolling plains. ; Steven Fuller Austin (1793 - 1836) Founding father of Texas and namesake of the state's capital. Description: This is an awesome resource that allows kids to label and color maps online. Texas was an independent nation before becoming part of the United States. Bright Sky Press, 2009. Texans, however, soon became unhappy with the Mexican government. Tackling Texas History is almost as big a task as tackling American History! It is a flat, dry area with frequent sandstorms. The Spanish also began to build settlements and missions in the territory. University of Texas Institute of Texan Cultures, 1989. This section is intended for those of you who are more advanced in your reading and problem solving skills. 4200 Smith School Road, Austin, TX 78744 (512) 389-4800 | (800) 792-1112 | TTY: (512) 389-8915 Operation Game Thief: (800) 792-GAME Famous People from Texas. The History of the Texas Flag Before it was part of the USA, Texas was ruled first by Spain, then by France, and then by Mexico. About 40 million people visit the state each year. Jane Wilki… ... State History Rater. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Texas has been a member of six different nations including Spain, Mexico, France, the Republic of Texas, the Confederate States, and the USA. 1821 - Mexico gains independence from Spain. The state’s top manufacturing industries are in the field of high technology. In the most famous battle of the Texas-Mexico war, the Texans fought heroically to defend the Alamo. One of the important events during his presidency was the Texas Revolution. 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